Presidential elections in Africa have gone through many cycles since the 1950s when Ghana became the first country […]
The European Union is currently grappling with a surge in both legal and illegal migrant arrivals, leading several member states to temporarily reimpose border controls within the typically border-free Schengen zone. The Schengen rules permit such measures “as a last resort” in cases considered serious threats to internal security or public policy.
The EU has sought to address irregular migration through measures such as the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) and agreements with non-EU countries to manage migration flows.
Despite these common frameworks, member states retain control over certain aspects of their immigration policies, such as legal migration, integration measures, and border control. In recent years, there has been ongoing debate and negotiation among EU member states about how to manage migration more effectively and equitably.
Some economists argue that the EU was conceived on the basis of shared values, one based on the rule of law, solidarity and peace, values migrants rely upon. They also argue that Europe is taking in considerably less migrants than it needs, and should coordinate between member states to agree upon a number as a bloc. As the European Union is also a single market, one in which goods, services and people can move freely, it would be beneficial for the whole that migration be managed on the EU level and not at the member state level.
At the EU level, the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) aims to harmonize asylum policies among member states. The CEAS includes regulations for determining which member state is responsible for processing an asylum application, common standards for reception conditions, and qualifications for asylum seekers. However, the implementation of these regulations can vary among member states.
Several countries have implemented stricter border checks:
Regarding tightened borders with non-EU countries, Finland temporarily closed all but one of its eight passenger crossings to Russia on November 24, following the arrival of over 700 migrants at different border stations in a span of two weeks. Helsinki attributes the influx to Moscow, which denies responsibility, and no reopening date has been announced yet.
Against the backdrop of the Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago’s Fine Cocoa Company is setting sail into the waters […]